Duration of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for ADHD Treatment

ADHD, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, is increasing day by day around the world. It is a state in which a person finds it difficult to concentrate on a task continuously for a while. Also, it can develop in a person at any age, be it a child or an adult. Duration of CBT can vary for ADHD Treatment.

It is most common in children between the ages of 6-12 years. Besides, many reasons can cause ADHD in people but the most common factor for ADHD is genetics.

Although there is no proper cure or solution to treat it perfectly, continuous treatment with medications and therapies can give such great results in order to improve the Disorder.

Some therapies can be a very good treatment to improve it. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is one of them. It is the most popular form of behavioural therapies.

ADHD Treatment in children

What is cognitive behavioural therapy?

CBT is a combination of Cognitive and Behavioural Therapies. It works by changing the thoughts in a person’s mind to change them from distressing emotions and dysfunctional thoughts, as emotions are difficult to change straight.

It uses empirical strategies to help a person make changes that are more positive and realistic. Plus, CBT can help them understand the situations and the thoughts and physical sensations in them. Besides, it is oriented on the problems that take place in a person’s daily life.

How many therapy sessions are under for ADHD treatment?

The therapy includes 6 to 20 sessions. For ADHD it gives its results after 12 to 15 one hour sessions. Moreover, patients consider continuing the sessions for a longer term as it improves their coping skills.

You usually need to have a session with the therapist once a week or once every 2 weeks to make it work effectively. And each session should last 30 to 60 minutes for better and faster results.

How doctor perform the therapy with a child?

ADHD is a long-standing hold-up of self-directive skills which include executive functioning skills. These delays create many complications such as procrastination, poor time management, emotional dysregulation, impulsivity etc. Besides, these problems make it difficult for people with ADHD to direct the emotions and behaviours.

doctor perform the therapy with a child

CBT techniques for children are as follows:

  • Play Therapy: In this method, therapists use arts and crafts, dolls and puppets, role-playing etc. to help the child identify the problem and try to work them out. 
  • Trauma-focused CBT: This technique is used to treat children who are affected by some traumatic events.
  • Modelling: In this one, the therapist act as an example of the required behaviour and asks the diagnosed to do the same.
  • Restructuring: This method helps the child to change a negative thought process into a motivational and positive one.
  • Exposure: Slowly, the therapist reveals the child to the things that encourage anxiety.

These therapies can be done in different ways which are:

  • Individual
  • Parent-child
  • Family-based
  • Group session

Stages of CBT for ADHD:

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy includes three stages of practice therapy which are, 

  • Assessment: It contains exploring jointly with the diagnosed, how their thoughts, feelings and behaviours are contributing to the condition in terms of frequency, intensity and duration. The A-B-C model has been frequently used at the assessment stage. Besides, it requires the diagnosed to explore the Activating event, their Belief system or attitude. And the Consequences as reflected in their behavioural or emotional reactions.
  • Intervention: The assessment stage will inform the type of intervention to be selected, based on the thoughts, feelings or behaviours that are the focus of change. Such interventions could include cognitive restructuring (Frojan-Parga et al, 2009); relaxation techniques (Payne and Donaghy, 2010); social skills training (Sheldon, 1998); assertion training and problem-solving skills (O’Donohue, 2003); systematic desensitization; and reinforcement, modelling and role-plays. 
  • Evaluation: The evaluation stage plays a role as an opportunity to recognize any changes which have occurred in the intensity, frequency and duration of thoughts, feelings and behaviours.

At what stage doctor recommends ADHD stimulants?

Stimulants are the first-choice treatment for ADHD like Adderall or Ritalin because they are very effective and give the best results. And doctors usually suggest them at a low dosage at starting, then increase every 7 days until the symptoms get controlled without any side effects.

Once you take them correctly, you need to make sure that the drugs are working efficiently with only minor side effects. Besides, some adults might be able to stop the medication but most of them need to keep going with the medication.

Successful cases of therapy treatment

It is no longer hidden that Cognitive Behavioural Therapy has been a success for a very long time now. Not only for treating ADHD, but CBT is also a great success to treat conditions such as Anxiety Disorders, Obsessive Disorders, Substance Abuse, PTSD, Eating Disorders, Dissociative Identity Disorders, Chronic pain etc. 

ADHD medicine

Conclusion

ADHD has become very prevalent nowadays. It is the most common disorder found in children of ages 6 to 12 years, however, it can happen at any age. Thus, genetics plays a very important role in developing ADHD in a person.

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is a very effective treatment for treating ADHD in both children and adults. Also, doctors recommend this therapy along with the medication to improve the condition and minimize the symptoms of the Disorder.

It has been a great success in most of the cases not only for ADHD treatment but many other health conditions such as anxiety, PTSD, OCD etc.

Therefore, if you or your child is having the same problem you need to go to your healthcare provider for the best recommendations and advice.

 

References:

https://www.mirecc.va.gov/visn16/docs/therapists_guide_to_brief_cbtmanual.pdf

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/264932879_Cognitive_Behavioural_Therapy/link/57656db908aeb4b998070cfa/download

https://www.camh.ca/-/media/files/guides-and-publications/cbt-guide-en.pdf

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/adhd/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20350895

https://www.healthline.com/health/mental-health/cbt-for-kids#conditions

Different ADHD symptoms in Adults and Children with Treatment

 

Did you ever feel that you are having difficulty paying attention to any task that is given to you? Do you act hyperactively towards the people? Does your impulsiveness come in your way of work? Well, you may have ADHD but you may not know the meaning of it. In this article, you will get an idea how ADHD symptoms in adults and childhood look like.

Today we have so many problems and diseases that we cannot count them properly. Even in children, we see many mind-related problems like depression, anxiety, etc. ADHD is one of them. It’s a very common and popular disorder nowadays.

What is ADHD?

The term ADHD represents Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. The symptoms can happen at any age. It is the most common mental disorder in children and adults.

According to the study, it affects your behavior and your way of paying attention to different activities. It can be developed in childhood and continue through adulthood with the person having it.

Also, it can last for almost a lifetime. It can not be properly cured but some treatments can help in making the situation better for the person having it.

Besides, ADHD symptoms are most visible in childhood but they can be more developed until adulthood.

ADHD symptoms in adults

What causes ADHD neurological disorder?

The causes of ADHD are not any specific kind but some research has shown that genetics is a major cause for ADHD. Other than genetics some other reasons that cause ADHD are listed below:

  • Cigarette smoking
  • Drugs
  • Brain injury
  • Alcohol use during pregnancy

Researchers are still researching other reasons that cause ADHD.

Common Symptoms of ADHD

There are three different types of ADHD symptoms that indicates that a person is having ADHD, which are:

  • Inattention: A person starts having difficulty paying attention to different kinds of tasks
  • Hyperactivity: The person starts being abnormally active or hyperactive.
  • Impulsivity: A person starts being impulsive or acts without thinking

Because of these three particular symptoms, the person starts facing these problems in their lives;

  • The person becomes careless towards their work, e.g., school work, office work or doing house chores etc.
  • People have difficulty paying attention during a lecture or any conversation etc.
  • Also, they sometimes don’t listen actively when someone speaks to them directly.
  • Moreover, they lose interest in their work while performing any task.
  • Soon they become depressed or anxious about the way they are being treated by other people.

ADHD symptoms in adults

What are the Types of ADHD (Attention/Deficit Hyperactive Disorder)

There are three types of ADHD a person can have which are listed below;

  • PREDOMINANTLY INATTENTIVE: This type is categorized by difficulty in paying attention. In this type of ADHD, your child would face symptoms like not being attentive to a task given to him.
  • PREDOMINANTLY HYPERACTIVELY IMPULSIVE: This type of ADHD is not as common as the other ones. In this type, the child would not be able to sit still for a while in a place.
  • COMBINATION OF BOTH TYPES: It is the most popular one among the children. In this type, the child would have a mixture of both the types mentioned above he would be inattentive and hyperactive at the same time.

ADHD symptoms

Most common and easy Treatments of ADHD in adults and children

There is no proper cure for this disorder because it is genetic. However, some medical and non-medical treatments can help improve your situation with ADHD.

There are two types of treatment for ADHD, Medical and Non-Medical.

Some people prefer only medical treatment rather than Non-Medical, but you have to take both types of treatment to improve your ADHD. Because medical treatments are fast, quick and over-the-counter pills like CNS (Amphetamine or Adderall)

Cognitive-behavioral therapy is the best therapy for people with ADHD. It’s because it is a mind-related therapy. It comes under a non-medical solution for ADHD.

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is the most popular form of these treatments for people with ADHD because It doesn’t have any side effects.

Nevertheless, there are some medical treatments that involve Stimulants like Adderall or Ritalin.

Conclusion

If you are feeling that you or your child is having ADHD you should take it seriously. The disorder has no cure but you can improve the situation by taking treatments for it.

Cognitive-behavioral therapy is the best and most popular one. Besides, the symptoms can be different in adults and children as well. Also, in terms of quick medical treatment stimulants or CNS works well under the supervision of the doctor. 

There are several types of symptoms of ADHD e.g. inattentive, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. In simple words, a person becomes careless, inattentive towards their work.

If you have the disorder, I recommend not ignore this and take proper treatment with medicines and therapies.

 

Disclaimer: The article/blog is not medical advice. It is intended for general informational purposes and is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek your physician or other qualified healthcare provider’s advice with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. If you have a medical emergency then immediately call your physician or dial 911.

 

 

References:

https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-the-basics/index.shtml

https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/facts.html

https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-the-basics/index.shtml

https://www.healthline.com/health/adhd/three-types-adhd#outlook