Major Social Issues after Covid 19

 

What are Social Issues? 

Social issues are the unfavorable and unacceptable condition which becomes a major problem for other people living in the same society. Although, social problems may differ from society to society, culture to culture, or social groups to groups. 

For instance, under-developing countries have multiple social problems like unemployment, poverty, lack of education, high rate of fertility. Contrary to this, a well-developed country may have excellent literacy and employment records. But face social issues like racism (Black and white), bullying, or stress. 

Apart from unacceptable conditions, people’s behavior doesn’t suit a particular society on the basis of their cultural norms and traditional beliefs. Also, according to Millicent Kelly, people in society claim a social issue when people of the society or nation are against a particular behavior and do not accept it as social behavior. 

To understand social issues, you need to go in-depth on its topic and need to look at the perspective of two components, Objective Elements, and Subjective Components. 

 

Social Issues

 

Objective Elements/component of Social issue:

It is factual based and empirical evidence of the negative condition stating an issue such as poverty, unemployment, climate change, air pollution. Also, it is based on observation, verification, and measurement by experts. 

The subjective element of social issue:

It is a belief, perception of people loving society and facing a particular issue and raising their thoughts towards it. Such as drug addiction, racism, and violation, due to lack of education, employment, lack of facilities, etc.

Besides, according to Rubington & Weinberg, (2010), this component is the central concern of the social problems. Besides people subjectively release the objective component and make an action plan for policymakers and stakeholders. 

Impacts of Covid 19 pandemic on Social issues

Covid 19 (aka coronavirus) is a new pandemic and has caused several damages from an individual level to nations devastation as a whole. Moreover, the following list explains the negative impacts that occurred during the pandemic in our social life. 

1.Education

Globally, the education factor got majorly influenced due to pandemics and lockdown. Due to maintaining social distancing, school and college went to shut down, and virtual classes came into our life.

However, in the absence of a school environment and competition, students feel lack of motivation and career-oriented as a report given by UNESCO 2020, and 1.5 billion students (87%) worldwide got negatively impacted by covid 19. 

2. Domestic violence

Domestic violence is one of the major social issues in every world’s corner. According to the local and national reports, due to frustration, lockdown stress, and lack of resources domestic violence rates have increased. 

According to the report of BBC, 20% of cases have increased during the phase of lockdown.

The Hindu reported the highest cases of domestic violence-filled by women in India, with 86% between March and May. Furthermore, according to the news, it is an alarming situation for the past ten years. 

 

Social issues

3.Psychological/Mental impact

The term coronaphobia has energy in the outbreak of covid 19 because people survive badly during this phase. They lost their jobs, being homeless, spent nights on roads, and die due to hunger and stress. 

4.Unemployment

last but not the least, the image below is representing the sudden increase in the unemployment rates globally. 

Social Issues unemployment
Source

 

Conclusion

After covid 19 almost everything has changed, the way we get each other. The way we socialize now, the method of studying, and career goals as well. Besides, changes have been seen in a lifestyle such as people shifting to digital shopping and less socially active.

Hence, covid 19 even worsen already existing social issues such as the level of illiterates and unemployment in underdeveloping countries. 

Therefore, now the question comes how and when the government modifies the public health policies or what possible changes they will make to uplift the condition.

However, vaccine trials are going on, but covid 19 has shifted the focus of government from other social issues, as mentioned above. With this rate of education level and lack of opportunities. Thus, it may take a much longer time to fulfill the sustainable goals. 

References:

https://study.com/academy/lesson/social-issues-definition-examples.html

https://rowman.com/webdocs/SP_CH1.pdf

https://socialsci.libretexts.org/Bookshelves/Social_Work/Book%3A_Social_Problems_-_Continuity_and_Change/01%3A_Understanding_Social_Problems/1.01%3A_What_Is_a_Social_Problem

Chopra, A. (2021). 6 Major Social Issues in India: Causes and Measures. Retrieved 25 January 2021, from https://www.sociologygroup.com/social-issues-in-india/

Who.int. 2021. Impact Of COVID-19 On People’s Livelihoods, Their Health And Our Food Systems. [online] Available at: https://www.who.int/news/item/13-10-2020-impact-of-covid-19-on-people%27s-livelihoods-their-health-and-our-food-systems#:~:text=The%20economic%20and%20social%20disruption,the%20end%20of%20the%20year

Mary, S., & Senn, P. (1993). What is a Social Problem? A History of its Definition. Retrieved 25 January 2021, from https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-322-97304-7_9

publisher], [., 2021. 1.1 What Is A Social Problem?. [online] Open.lib.umn.edu. Available at: https://open.lib.umn.edu/socialproblems/chapter/1-1-what-is-a-social-problem/

En.wikipedia.org. 2021. Social Impact Of The COVID-19 Pandemic. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_impact_of_the_COVID-19_pandemic

Social problems – Wikiversity. (2021). Retrieved 25 January 2021, from https://en.wikiversity.org/wiki/Social_problems

What is a social problem. (2000). Retrieved 25 January 2021, from https://www.angelfire.com/super2/sociology/articles/what_is_a_social_problem.htm

What is Public Health?

It is a complicated term that nobody uses and aware of it. Yet, it is a most important area to study if we are talking about any developing and non-developing issue, be it the economy, environment, politics, mental issues, society, media, and things revolving around us. 

 

 

Definitions of Public Health:

According to WHO (1988), It refers to both general and private organizations measures to prevent disease, promoting-health, and prolonging life among the country as a whole. Thus the services include provisions of individuals, such as vaccination, behavioral counseling, or healthcare advice.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), It is a system or department or government responsibility. In contrast, all public, private, and non-governmental entities contribute to providing essential services of it with authority. 

Besides, John H. Bryant (2020) added detailed roles of this health plays in the definition given by WHO. It also promotes mental health, sanitation, personal hygiene, control of infectious diseases, and availability of the services where community action plays a vital role in achieving the goals. 

William C. Shiel Jr (2018) said, “Public Health is Community wellbeing.” According to him, seeking healthcare service is required some of the time, whereas strengthening its services is vital to us all the time. 

Every country or community has its own needs to fulfill depending on an individual level to environmental crises. Thus, it aims to assure health as a whole of the state/country/Nation, and these are the three core functions plays by this system:

  • In-depth research, monitoring, and evaluation to identify prevailing health problems to priorities the services, for instance, water sanitation in one community and polio facilities in another country. 
  • On the basis of M&E, policymakers design the program to fulfill the needs, such as a family planning program to eradicate poverty. 
  • After analyzing and reforming policies, it is important to ensure that each and every individual has access to get the service. Therefore, The experts study the mind of community people to make the service adaptable, approachable, and affordable, and accessible to them. 

According to the book review (Risk communication and health (public), 1999) of ENRIQUE PERDIGUERO (2001), It is like a big umbrella containing interdisciplinary fields. For instance:

  • Social Science, 
  • Epidemiology, 
  • Biostatistics,
  • Public policy study
  • Mental Health
  • Health economics
  • Study of behavioral health
  • Community health
  • Health education
  • Gender issues
  • Disability
  • Sexual and Reproductive health
  • The scientific study of Pandemic

Therefore, being an expert is about to be aware of all the importance of these studies before implementing and approaching any new policy and program. 

 

Public health

Conclusion

Public health is like the backbone of a nation, and it must be strong and flexible to uplift the nation. Moreover, sub-fields of study support the implementation of an adequate policy program. Medical Health, Mental or physical health is ephemeral, whereas it is inseparable. And it is a human right to get proper services in terms of vaccination, sanitation, prevention from diseases, and Pandemic like Covid 19. 

 

References:

  1. Bryant, J. and Rhodes, P., 2020. Public _Health. [online] Britannica. Available at: https://www.britannica.com/topic/public-health
  2. MedicineNet. 2018. Definition Of Public _Health. [online] Available at: https://www.medicinenet.com/public_health/definition.htm
  3. 2008. Encyclopedia of Public_Health.
  4. PERDIGUERO, E., 2001. Anthropology in public_health. Bridging differences in culture and society. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 55(7), pp.528b-528.
  5. Greer, S. and Health, J., 2021.  Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Available at: https://www.jhsph.edu/about/what-is-public-health/
  6. En.wikipedia.org. 2021.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_health#cite_note-4
  7. Euro.who.int. 2021. Public Health Services. [online] Available at: https://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/Health-systems/public-health-services/public-health-services
  8. Apha.org. 2021. [online] Available at https://www.apha.org/what-is-public-health

 

 

Highest Births record in India On New Year’s Eve: Need better Family Planning in 2021?

Currently, UNICEF has recorded the total number of births on New Year’s eve. Among developed and developing countries, India is leading on top with a total count of 59,9995 birth numbers. Besides, 371,504 babies were born worldwide on New Year’s eve. Do we need a reformed family planning programme in 2021 amid covid 19?

What is the Family Planning Programme?

Family planning programs have been a key public health intervention in developing countries; demographic, health, and human rights each of these components can be viewed as goals for family planning programs because each implied achieving certain improvements in a country.

Therefore, the importance and urgency of family planning in India have to be understood in the context of the rapid population, and the persistence of comparatively poor social indicators in spite of a booming economy (UN-International Conference on Population and Development, 1994). 

However, the recent Human Development Index (HDI) value of India was estimated as (0.640), which puts the country at the 130 ranks out of 189 countries in the medium human development category, but there are still more efforts and progress are needed to make the country better than before (Ieda, 2012; Tiwari, 2012; UNFPA, 2011).

Need to adopt family planning amid Covid19

 

Need of family planning in covid19

  • Preventing pregnancy-related health risks in women

A woman’s ability to choose when to become pregnant has a direct impact on her health and well-being. Family planning allows making an adequate space between 2 children. Besides, It prevents unintended pregnancies, including those of older women who face increased risks related to pregnancy. 

  • Socio-Economic Status

Economic Status also plays a very crucial role along with education, and according to Skirbekk (2008), economic factors include people’s perception about the children as

productive assets or economic burden. Therefore, a family of higher social class or economic status will tend to have more children with comparatively better upbringing than those of low socioeconomic status, and the fertility rate tends to increase with an increase in income of the family (Docquier, 2004).

Contrary to this, an inverse relationship between income and fertility were also seen in many studies i.e. lower fertility level among rich families as compared to marginalized having higher fertility rate (Adhikari, 2010; Cleland et al., 1988; Pradeep, 2014),

  • Reducing infant mortality: FPP helps to reduce the death rates of infants and mothers.
  • Helping to prevent HIV/AIDS: 
Family planning helps in the reduction of the risk of unwanted pregnancies for women living with HIV, Therefore, the programs help people to be educated and aware of the repercussions of it. 
  • Empowering people and enhancing education

Family planning helps people to make wise and informed decisions on the basis of multiple factors. Factors like education, income, and health status. Besides, studies claim that small families are more able to grow potentially in terms of education and wealth. 

  • Slowing population growth

It’s a major aim of this whole program is to reduce the adverse impacts of high fertility on the economy, national development, and environment.

  • Reducing Environmental pressure

Low fertility rate include creating a healthy environment for all, it reduced pressures on public funds and a period for dealing with environmental pressures also for managing typically limited resources, such as water

However, the results of family planning programs have been very changeable in the process. The effectiveness of this program depends on several factors, like a favorable political setting, a well-structured program that offers contraceptive methods, flexibility in adapting to local conditions, and stable funding sources.

 

Conclusion

The estimated current global population is 7.7 billion and India is ranked in the second position and the UN has also estimated that India will most likely to reach the first position to become the most populous country in 2030 caused by its rapid annual growth rate (1.64%) as compared to (1.23%) global rapid annual growth rate (Census India, 2011; NFHS-3, 2005-6).

Besides, India is a developing country where poverty is the major issue that limits affordability, accessibility, and availability of the basic resources to fulfill their needs related to food, health, education, and employment opportunities, consequently, that increases infant mortality rates, maternal deaths, and malnutrition. 

Therefore, the country had to launch the family planning program in 1952 to combat the high fertility rate and to eradicate poverty by implementing various approaches, and ‘population control’ was the first among all (Drèze, 1999; Seltzer, 2002). 

However, recently, UNICEF has recorded the total number of births on New Year’s eve. Among developed and developing countries, India is leading on top with a total of 59,9995 birth numbers in 2021. Besides, 371,504 is the total baby were born worldwide on New Year’s eve

Thus, by looking at the facts above, it is mandatory to reform or strengthen the family planning approach in the coming years. 

 

Bibliography:

 

Bulatao, R. (1998). The Value of Family Planning Programs in Developing Countries. Santa Monica, California: RAND

Claland, J. (2002). Education and future fertility trends with special reference to mid-transitional countries. Centre for Population Studies, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom. Retrieved from: https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/f17d/1d318b1e506b2aecc8845022ca442b086b39.pdf.

Cleland, J., & Rodríguez, G. (1988). The Effect of Parental Education on Marital Fertility in Developing Countries. Population Studies, 42(3), 419-442. doi:10.1080/0032472031000143566

Census of India, Varsha Joshi of the Indian Administrative Service Director of Census Operations National Capital Territory of Delhi Primary Census Abstract Data Highlights NCT OF DELHI (Rep.). (2011)

Drèze, J., & Murthi, M. (1999, November 22). Fertility, Education and Development: Further Evidence from India. Retrieved from https://www.histecon.magd.cam.ac.uk/docs/female.pdf

Family Planning Annual report 2017-2018 (Rep.). 

Ieda, A. (2012). Perceptions and behavior related to family planning in a rural area in the Oromia region, Ethiopia(Thesis / Dissertation ETD, 2012). Oslo: Department of Community Medicine Institute of Health and Society. Retrieved from https://www.duo.uio.no/bitstream/handle/10852/30052/AikoxIeda.pdf?sequence=1

John Hopkins, USAID, & WHO. (2007). Family planning: A global handbook for providers. Retrieved from: https://www.ippf.org/sites/default/files/family_planning_a_global_handbook_for_providers.pdf

Seltzer, J. (2002). The Origins and Evolution of Family Planning Programs in Developing Countries. Santa Monica, CA; Arlington, VA; Pittsburgh, PA: RAND Corporation. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.7249/mr1276wfhf-dlpf-rf

Skirbekk, V. (2008). Fertility trends by social status. Retrieved from https://www.demographic-research.org/volumes/vol18/5/18-5.pdf

Tiwari, S. (2012). Factors Influencing Unmet Needs for Family Planning Among Currently Married Women in Nepal. University of Tromso, Norway. Retrieved from https://munin.uit.no/bitstream/handle/10037/5366/thesis.pdf?sequence=2&isAllowed=y.

UNFPA. (2018). The Power Of Choice Reproductive Rights And The Demographic Transition (Rep.).

United Nations Population Funds. (n.d.). Family planning. Retrieved from file:///C:/Users/admin/Desktop/Muslim%20FP/Family%20planning%20_%20UNFPA%20-%20United%20Nations%20Population%20Fund.html

World Bank. India. Reproductive health at a glance. Retrieved from http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2011/06/14703604/india-reproductive-health-glance

WHO. (n.d.). India and Family Planning: An overview (Rep.).

What is ‘Cyberpsychology’ and Its importance in 2020?

Cyberpsychology is not a common term that people generally use while talking about changes in human behavior due to the excessive usage of the internet and social media. It is like a big umbrella that covers the sub-topics to study, which comes under Cyberpsychology. Thus, it is important to know what is Cyberpsychology and its importance in 2020.

What is Cyberpsychology?

According to Webopedia, Cyber implies the relationship between IT (Information Technology) and the internet and computing. Besides, the Cyber word is also used as a prefix to carry out the study related to the internet and human life. 

In terms of Cyberpsychology and its importance, It is one of the emerging fields of psychological studies (Suler, 2004) where scientists, psychologists, and scholars study the relationship and impacts of the cyber-world on a human mind with their positive or negative behaviors (Elhai, J., & Rozgonjuk, D., 2020).

According to “Cyberpsychology: Defining the Field” (2020),  it has become essential to study these five cyberpsychology areas in today’s world of technological advancement in 2020:

  1. Online behavior and personality
  2. Social Media use and Psychological functioning
  3. Games and gaming
  4. Telepsychology
  5. Virtual Reality, Artificial Intelligence, and Applications

Whereas, in the study of Kumar Singh, A. & Kumar Singh, P. (2019), he brought the attention not only to human behaviors and digital devices but also Cyberpsychology is important for mental health well-being and clinical psychology through the cyber world.  Besides that, cyberbullying and online dating are the major concerns these days because of internet addiction and data breaching cases (Widman, J., 2020)

What is the importance of Cyberpsychology?

The life of human beings is surrounded by technology, smartphones, and digital entertainment. Social media control us, not as we control the trend and addiction to social media. However, addiction tracking applications are intended to make you habitual by their tracking and notification features. 

Thus, there is no possibility of living a life without a smartphone and internet in situations like the COVID19 viral pandemic where a worldwide lockdown happened, and social distancing was required. 

Only smartphones and advanced technology like VR and AI saved the scope of education, online shopping, virtual celebration, and more in those crucial days of covid 19 lockdowns. 

However, these are not the only importance of Cyberpsychology. Moreover, these are the current major finding of Datareportal 2020:

  • More than half of the world’s total population (4.14 billion) use social media every day.
  • In the past 12 months, there has been a sudden spike in internet users with a rate of 321 million or 875,000 new users every day.
  • According to the current data from GSMA Intelligence, there are approximately 5.20 billion new mobile phone users in total, with 102 million last year.

How much time do people spend on Digital media?

The image below from Datarepotal clearly shows how much time people give to entertainment or digital platforms. Approximately, 13 -14 hours people spend on TV, the internet, social media, and TV.  

Source: Datareportal

Therefore, it is important to study people’s minds in the concept of Cyberpsychology because, in the late 1960s, Albert Bandura did an experiment to study children’s social learning theory. The experiment is popularly known as the ‘Bobo doll experiment’ to understand the human mind acts what he/she repeatedly observes (observational learning) even watching violent media. And the human mind acts the same way. 

Conclusion

Cyberpsychology and its importance is a field of study or research for the scholarly and psychologist because it is related to the human mind and behavior due to the internet and social media engagement. 

Besides, it is an emerging field due to the covid 19 pandemic and lockdown in the year 2020. Suddenly, the digital platform came to rescue people’s life and let the world on track amid lockdown. For instance, virtual classes started, work from home was introduced, and online coaching took place. Besides, online grocery shopping increased as compared to the last year. 

However, Cyberpsychology and its importance is an amalgamation of both positive and negative results. Negatives impacts are related to mental disorders such as insomnia, ADHD, aggression, and anxiety. Besides, it can also affect personal and social terms with family and friends. 

 

Bibliography

Cyber Definition & Meaning | What is Cyber?. (2020). Retrieved 30 December 2020, from https://www.webopedia.com/definitions/cyber/

Cyberpsychology. (2020). Retrieved 30 December 2020, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyberpsychology

Cyberpsychology: Defining the Field. (2020). Retrieved 30 December 2020, from https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/the-cyberpsychology-page/202011/cyberpsychology-defining-the-field

Digital 2020: October Global Statshot — DataReportal – Global Digital Insights. (2020). Retrieved 30 December 2020, from https://datareportal.com/reports/digital-2020-october-global-statshot

Elhai, J., & Rozgonjuk, D. (2020). Editorial overview: Cyberpsychology: reviews of research on the intersection between computer technology use and human behavior. Current Opinion In Psychology, 36, iv-vii. DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2020.11.001

Harley, D., Morgan, J., & Frith, H. (2018). Cyberpsychology as Everyday Digital Experience across the Lifespan. Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Kumar Singh, A., & Kumar Singh, P. (2019). Recent Trends, Current Research in Cyberpsychology: a literature review. Library Philosophy And Practice (E-Journal). Retrieved from

https://digitalcommons.unl.edu/libphilprac/2656/utm_source=digitalcommons.unl.edu%2Flibphilprac%2F26

56&utm_medium=PDF&utm_campaign=PDFCoverPages

Liu, C. Y., & Yu, C. P. (2013). Can Facebook use induce well-being?. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 16(9), 674-678. 

Suler, J. (2004). Computer and cyberspace “addiction”. International Journal of Applied Psychoanalytic Studies, 1(4), 359-362.

The Rise of Cyberpsychology | Psychology & Technology | King Online. (2020). Retrieved 30 December 2020, from https://online.king.edu/news/cyberpsychology/#:~:text=in%20Psychology%20that%20will%20prompt,

research%20to%20practice%20in%20therapy

What the Bobo Doll Experiment Reveals About Kids and Aggression. (2020). Retrieved 30 December 2020, from https://www.verywellmind.com/bobo-doll-experiment-2794993

Widman, J. (2020). The Emergence of Cyberpsychology. Retrieved 30 December 2020, from

https://cacm.acm.org/news/229668-the-emergence-of-cyberpsychology/fulltext#:~:text=Cyberpsychology%20is%20a%20sub%2Dfield,they%20do%2C%22%20

says%20Baxter

Coronaphobia’ is more dangerous than ‘Coronavirus’: Factors affecting Mental Health.

 

Phobia- is one of the most serious mental conditions where a person feels fear in a particular situation or a specific object.

According to A Special Health Report from Harvard Medical School, common phobias are related to fear of flying, heights, insects, animals, and injections, or usually the sight of blood. 

Corona- has derived from the new pandemic ‘coronavirus.’

The term coronaphobia emerged in 2020 as the pandemic triggered vastly in the world. During the lockdown phase, there are a lot of things that changed people’s lives in terms of social life, livelihood, economy, and most importantly, mental health. Apparently, mental health is not always a genetic bourn disorder; it is an outcome of various environmental factors.

About coronavirus and its recent updates 2020

Coronavirus is a new pandemic to this world that started in December 2019 in Wuhan, China, and due to contagious disease, it has taken over all over the place. Coronavirus has common symptoms like body ache, sore throat, cough, fever, loss of taste, and smell; however, the outcomes of covid 19 are not so common. Covid 19 infection can lead to death, and people with low immunity levels are more prone to detect coronavirus from others. 

Besides its outcomes, covid 19 treatment is not completely easy because a person needs to quarantine himself for 14 days minimum as per the guidelines of WHO (2020) as the viruses stay on the surface for a longer period. 

Despite that, scientists are still working on coronavirus vaccination; therefore, there are greater chances of fear and complications of covid 19. Besides, the world health organization has introduced a few guidelines to protect from covid 19, for instance, maintaining a 6ft distance, covering mouth and nose, constantly cleaning hands and clothes. For elders, pregnant ladies and children under 6 years old are not allowed to go out amid lockdown as their immunity level is completely lower than others, and fewer changes to cure covid19. 

The vaccination of covid 19 is not here yet, but health care providers are constantly working through medicine to suppress the symptoms of covid 19. Therefore, you might get recovered from this disease, but there is also a higher probability of diagnosing covid 19 again. 

Covid 19 recent updates:

According to the worldometer, there are 69.6M total cases globally, whereas 44.9M are successfully recovered, and 1.58M people are dead due to covid 19. Among other countries, the United States of America is leading on top with 17M cases, and India is the second most vulnerable country with 9M total cases.

Factors associated with mental health

Socio-cultural factors:

Socio-cultural factors are the type of environmental influences that induce and reduce the mental health of a person. According to Leighton and Hughes (1961), family culture and norms are linked with mental health where child-rearing behavior, hygiene, nutrition, perception to adapt medical services, etc., are responsible for how we use to express symptoms of mental disorder or any other undesirable disorder. 

On the other side, social factors refer to the interaction of society and community on the basis of gender, social class, race and ethnicity, and household patterns, thus maintaining the quality of education, livelihood, and family income by reducing discrimination, violence, and poverty. However, every society and community norms are different from each other, which affects society’s development as a whole. 

Education factor:

Education is the key to impart knowledge, skills towards a better world by treating himself and his family well in terms of providing better healthcare service and detecting the disorder early. According to the study of SAMHSA (2016), education and psychological independence are positively interlinked, where 3.9 million people have anxiety with lower education levels and vice versa. 

Therefore, people with less educational qualifications have less awareness to cope with psychological disorders. In order to which coronaphobia emerged at higher rates because people are less aware of dealing with the situation. 

Socio-economic factor:

The economy is the base of any medical treatment; therefore, a family’s economy has a positive relationship with mental health treatment. A similar study was introduced by the U.S Department of Health and Human Services (2001), families with low-income status and poor occupation level are more prone to have mental disorders. 

A similar study was conducted in 2008, where financial crises were destroying public health sectors and people’s lives individually. Due to coronavirus, there has been a shift in unemployment status that further leads to indebtedness and insecurity and poor primary care for mental disorder diagnosis. 

Hence, mental illness, including anxiety, stress, and depression, is completely high amid lockdown as the increase in 19 million adults have a specific phone, and 15 million adults have social phobia. Besides, in the 2020 era of pandemic, there are more panic disorder populations (6 million) and general anxiety (6.8 million) among the American population. 

Coronavirus becoming Coronaphobia.

At the beginning of 2020, the novel covid 19 rapidly spread across the globe and infected more than 3 million people in 187 countries, and WHO (2020) report also shows the increase in mortality rate by 13000 in a single month of March. 

During the skyrocketing cases of covid 19, there have been high traumatic stress rates at 73.4% with 50% prevalence of depression and 44.7% have generalized anxiety (Lee, 2020). Aside from that, insomnia is one of the major cases increased in lockdown 2020 with 36.1%. It is clear evidence of outbreak impacts on people’s minds that elevates stress, depression, social phobia, health anxiety, and post-traumatic stress. 

In the study of Kwasi Ahorsu et al., (2020), a clear relationship of fear due to covid 19 has been identified by developing FCV-19S (The Fear of Covid-19 Scale). The scale has all the factors affecting mental health, including education, income, age, and gender.

It is possible to assess the severity of people’s perception related to covid19 outcomes through the psychometric scale. For instance, anxiety and depression got the highest score on the scale, like “Worrying thoughts go through my mind” (anxiety). On the other side, many respondents respond to “strongly agree” to “I prefer to wash my hands pretty soon after shaking someone’s hand” (germ aversion), which is clearly evident of their fear of getting virus exposure.

Why coronaphobia is dangerous?

According to the in-depth report of the Mental Health Foundation in the UK (2014), Anxiety is one of the serious mental issues in the world. However, it is still not considered as a mental disorder due to lack of diagnosis, report cases, and treatments. Indeed, children and the young population of the UK are 3.3% affected with anxiety disorder, apparently, the ratio has increased due to coronaphobia in 2020. 

coronaphobia is dangerous in terms of our mental health, physical health as well as financial health. But it is more crucial during the time of covid 19 because of the following:

1. A positive relationship between fear of covid 19 and covid 19 symptoms

Having chronic anxiety levels impacts your respiratory symptoms. Therefore, when an individual gets anxiety symptoms he/she faces a slow breathing problem. on the other side, shallow breathing is one of the major symptoms of covid 19. Unfortunately, there is a positive relationship between fear of covid 19 and covid 19 symptoms

2. People with a low immune system are more susceptible get coronavirus

According to the study of McLeod, S. (2010), stress or anxiety reduces the body’s ability to fight viruses and germs. Besides, the immunity systems get affected thus people with anxiety are more likely to get a fever, flu, cold, gastric problems, etc. Apparently, people with a low immune system are more susceptible get coronavirus.

3. Body pain and headache are the causes of being in constant anxiety. 

The thirst most critical covid symptom is body ache or muscle pain. and most clinical studies claim that body pain and headache are the causes of being in constant anxiety. 

4. Gastrointestinal Disorders

Indigestion, nausea, and vomiting are the common symptoms of coronavirus. and if you have coronaphobia that means these symptoms get facilitated by your anxiety level. 

These are the major reasons why coronaphobia is more dangerous than its virus. therefore, you equally need to suppress your anxiety level to stop the susceptibility of coronavirus. 

Click here to know: How to manage Coronaphobia in 2021?: Explained with essential covid19 products!

Conclusion

The study of coronavirus turning into coronaphobia is necessary because the novel coronavirus has impacted the lives and affected personally and professionally. The fear triggers by the sudden increase of mortality and morbidly rates in the month of March 2020, although it is going to be a whole year, and things are not normal yet. 

Coronavirus pandemic has shown us and put us where we have never imagined. Due to the pandemic, economic crises, social distancing, emotional crises, and education backwardness emerge. 

According to the recent study and report of the World Health Organisation (2020), the vaccine of coronavirus is not the market yet because continuous trials are going on; hence people still need to maintain the guidelines of covid-19. 

Physical illness is visible and measurable, and yet curable. However, mental health is not easy to observe, analyze, and treated in a day or two. And covid-19 not only comes with physical illness symptoms but in this year WHO has recorded the rates of anxiety, depression, fear, phobia, and insomnia due to the major factors affecting the mental health of an individual. 

 

Bibliography:

Arora, A., Jha, A., Alat, P., & Das, S. (2020). Understanding coronaphobia. Asian Journal Of Psychiatry, 54, 102384. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2020.102384

Bitsko, R., Holbrook, J., Robinson, L., Kaminski, J., Ghandour, R., Smith, C., & Peacock, G. (2016). Health Care, Family, and Community Factors Associated with Mental, Behavioral, and Developmental Disorders in Early Childhood — the United States, 2011–2012. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 65(9), 221-226. doi:10.2307/24857952

Mechanic, D., & D. McAlpine, D. (2002). The Influence of Social Factors on Mental Health. Principles And Practice Of Geriatric Psychiatry, Second Edition. Retrieved 15 April 2002, from https://doi.org/10.1002/0470846410.ch17.

Liu, D., Baumeister, R. F., Veilleux, J. C., Chen, C., Liu, W., Yue, Y., & Zhang, S. (2020). Risk factors associated with mental illness in hospital discharged patients infected with COVID-19 in Wuhan, China. Psychiatry Research, 292, 113297. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2020.113297

Heekin, K., & Polivka, L. (2015). Environmental and Economic Factors Associated with Mental Illness [Ebook]. Retrieved 11 December 2020, from https://claudepeppercenter.fsu.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/Environmental-and-Economic-Factors-Associated-with-Mental-Illness-Manuscript.pdf.

Rodríguez-Hidalgo, A., Pantaleón2, Y., Dios, I., & Falla, D. (2020). Fear of COVID-19, Stress, and Anxiety in University Undergraduate Students: A Predictive Model for Depression. https://www.frontiersin.org/. Retrieved 11 December 2020, from https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.591797/full.

Harvard.edu. (2020). Retrieved 11 December 2020, from https://www.harvard.edu/sites/default/files/content/coronavirus_HUHS_managing_fears_A2%5B5%5D.pdf

Downloads.imune.net. (2020). Retrieved 11 December 2020, from http://www.downloads.imune.net/medicalbooks/List%20of%20Phobias%20and%20simple%20cures.pdf.

Gilbert, S. (2020). Coping with ANXIETY AND PHOBIAS. Anthony L. Komaroff, M.D., Editor in Chief Harvard University.

Niemeyer, H., Bieda, A., Michalak, J., Schneider, S., & Margraf, J. (2019). Education and mental health: Do psychosocial resources matter?. SSM – Population Health, 7, 100392. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssmph.2019.100392

Cultural Influences on Mental Health. Pha.berkeley.edu. (2020). Retrieved 11 December 2020, from https://pha.berkeley.edu/2017/04/16/cultural-influences-on-mental-health/.

Lee, S. (2020). Coronavirus Anxiety Scale: A brief mental health screener for COVID-19 related anxiety. Death Studies, 44(7), 393-401. https://doi.org/10.1080/07481187.2020.1748481

Kwasi Ahorsu, D., Lin, C., Imani, V., Saffari, M., Griffiths, M., & Pakpour, A. (2020). The Fear of COVID-19 Scale: Development and Initial Validation. International Journal Of Mental Health And Addiction. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-020-00270-8

https://www.medanta.org/patient-education-blog/the-dark-side-of-anxiety-7-effects-of-anxiety-on-the-body/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1361287/

https://www.verywellmind.com/physical-symptoms-of-panic-and-anxiety-2584248

https://www.mentalhealth.org.uk/sites/default/files/living-with-anxiety-report.pdf

Why International Emmy Award news was the biggest news for India?

 

History of Emmy Awards:

Emmy Awards is one of the prestigious international awards for marvelous performances in television and web-series. Emmy’s names originated from Immy, which depicts a nickname for camera tube which is used in television (image orthicon). 

National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences presented the first Emmy Awards in 1949, where only 6 categories were introduced in the 5 different award ceremonies. Thus, these were named as News and Documentaries in 1973; Daytime programming in 1974; Prime-time programming in 1977; and sports in 1979. Although, new categories have extended to no-end. Therefore Emmy awards open the entries for comedy series, drama, music, documentary, Kids category, digital category and keep adding more. 

Emmy Awards holds similar popularity as Oscar Awards for the film industry; therefore, for drama series, Emmys have competed against them. For Emmy Awards, only internal members of the academy can vote for the awards according to the discipline. For instance, this academy’s actors votes for actors, director for directors, and writers for writers. 

India with Emmy Awards

Recently, Indian based web-series named ‘Delhi Crimes’ has won the Emmy Awards under the category of Best Drama, where two years ago popular Netflix series called ‘Money Heist’ won the Emmys in 2018. It is the first time India won such a prestigious award and made its position on Emmy Awards. However, this category was first intricate in 2002 by the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences.

In 2011, Subhash Chandra, a chairperson of ZeeTV, has first won the Emmys under the category of Directorate Award, where this category was first introduced in 1973. The award is not related to TV and web series direction, writer or actors. 

Therefore, winning the Delhi Crime Emmy award became the important and biggest news for India.

Reasons why Delhi Crime is the deserving award:

Firstly, Delhi Crime is based on the Delhi gangrape cased of 2012, popularly known as the ‘Nirbhaya case.’ Besides, India is one of the countries where rape cases rise every year. Therefore, according to the Times of India (October 7, 2020), 2019 has 4 lakh rape cases as compared to 3.78 lakh in 2018. 

By looking at the reports of every distinct of India will give you shocking goosebumps. Thus, media is popularly known as ‘mirror of the society,’ and presenting the vulnerability of women in India on the screen opens the gates of communication with policymakers. 

Secondly, India is still a developing country and yet to achieve the 17 Sustainable Development Goals launched by United Nations and 8 Millennium Development Goals by WHO, UN, and World Bank. Indian government stated these goals:

  • Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger.
  • Achieve universal primary education.
  • Promote gender equality and empower women.
  • Reduce child mortality.
  • Improve maternal health.
  • Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases.
  • Ensure environmental sustainability.

Despite being a developing country, India has proved to achieve a position among well-developed countries in Media.

Lastly, Media is the key to development where social sensitivity, vulnerability, availability, affordability, adaptability, policy formation, and other aspects of resources are accountable through Media. And here, Richie Mehta, a director of ‘Delhi Crimes’ Netflix’s original series, beautifully articulated and blended all the aspects around the rape case in Delhi to give a strong message to society. 

Bibliography

Big win for India! Netflix’s ‘Delhi Crime’ bags top prize at International Emmy Awards 2020. The Economic Times. (2020). Retrieved 18 December 2020, from https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/magazines/panache/big-win-for-india-netflixs-delhi-crime-wins-top-prize-at-international-emmy-awards-2020/articleshow/79380740.cms?from=mdr.

Emmy Award. En.wikipedia.org. (2020). Retrieved 18 December 2020, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emmy_Award.

Emmy Award | History & Facts. Encyclopedia Britannica. (2020). Retrieved 18 December 2020, from https://www.britannica.com/art/Emmy-Award.

International Emmy Award. En.wikipedia.org. (2020). Retrieved 18 December 2020, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Emmy_Award#:~:text=The%20first%20International%20Emmy%20Awards,the%20International%20Emmy%20Awards%20Gala.

International Emmy Awards 2020: Delhi Crime Wins Best Drama Series. NDTV.com. (2020). Retrieved 18 December 2020, from https://www.ndtv.com/entertainment/international-emmy-awards-2020-list-of-winners-2329251.

International Emmys: Why the Awards Show Has Become Much More Important to Hollywood | Hollywood Reporter. Hollywoodreporter.com. (2020). Retrieved 18 December 2020, from https://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/international-emmys-why-awards-show-751120.

List of International Emmy Award winners. En.wikipedia.org. (2020). Retrieved 18 December 2020, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_International_Emmy_Award_winners.

News, I. (2020). India sees 88 rape cases a day; conviction rate below 30% | India News – Times of India. The Times of India. Retrieved 18 December 2020, from https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/india-sees-88-rape-cases-a-day-but-conviction-rate-below-30/articleshow/78526440.cms#:~:text=According%20to%20the%20latest%20NCRB,of%20all%20crimes%20against%20women.